I don’t normally reblog posts, but I think this one is worth it. Jimmy Sapia, a 5th grade teacher, is embarking on an exciting learning journey for himself and his students. He is using Evernote to start more formally documenting student work in digital portfolios. Please consider commenting on this post and adding your own wisdom to our thinking.
So, after reading Matt Renwick’s Book about Digital Portfolios, I’ve decided to dive right in and give it a whirl. So, here it goes. I will be reflecting and providing honest feedback periodically throughout the year to share my successes and failures. I have decided to use Evernote as the place to house all student work. Ready, set, go!
I am a new fifth grade teacher this year and my responsibilities are to teach Humanities. ELA and Social Studies fall under that umbrella. I also teach at an IB school. For more information, click here.
First Steps: I created a note for each student. My colleague and I each have designated homerooms, but we teach each child in fifth grade. We have a total of 40 kids. Therefore, I created two notebooks labeled as Jimmy’s Homeroom and my co-workers homeroom and put students in accordingly.
When my wife re-entered the teaching ranks last year, after staying home with our young kids for five years, I was once again allowed to live vicariously through a classroom. As an administrator of eight years, I miss the planning and preparing that is part of creating a great learning environment for students. She has been agreeable in allowing me to help her get ready for the students, who are coming in a few days.
In this post, I highlight what I would do if I were back in the classroom. A few of these ideas belong to my wife. All of the ideas can create a classroom that is more connected – connected with peers and the teacher, the world, and with oneself.
I suggest these ideas through the lens of an elementary classroom. They are general enough that they could possibly be adapted at any grade, K-12.
Starting the Day
Before the students even arrived, I would arrange desks into triads. I agree with Jack Johnson that three is the magic number. You can use the triad protocol to teach students how to be better listeners and collaborators.
Here is my design for how triads would look in the classroom.
If your room space is limited, consider the three desk set up my wife has in her classroom.
Students would start the day with one of three choices: Read, Write, or Tweet. They could read a book silently, respond in writing to their self-selected text in their reader’s notebook, or prepare a question they have on paper, to possibly be posted later on the our classroom Twitter account. I would be explicit in my instruction about how to pose questions, using the format developed by Warren Berger, in his book A More Beautiful Question.
– The schedule would be visual, prepared with Keynote, and shared by mirroring the iPad screen using Reflector. It would be shared during morning circle. For my students with various needs, they could go back to this visual schedule on the iPad as needed.
– During morning circle, students could do book talks for their peers, using their reader’s notebooks. This would also be the time to post a student’s question on Twitter. We would check our feed for the other classrooms we follow, responding to their questions and comments as a way to model digital citizenship.
During the literacy block, I would implement the Daily 5 (Boushey and Moser). To capture the learning taking place throughout the classroom, I would utilize Evernote with the iPads in the classroom. Each student would have a notebook within Evernote to serve as a digital portfolio.
– For Read to Self, students would have a note within their digital portfolio. They would use it to keep track of the books they read, a rating of each book, and a list of books they want to read next. Any student could go into another student’s log to find that next great read. Also important is making sure my classroom library is organized by themes, interests, genres, authors…and not leveled. If a student cannot select a just right book without a level, then it is my fault for not teaching them this skill.
– For Read with a Partner, students would have the option to record themselves reading a popular classroom text. Other students who also wanted to read that book could listen to it being read to them, during Listening to Read.
– For Work on Writing, students would be taught how to take a picture of their writing with Evernote. Their writing would be held within one note, to show their progress throughout the school year. There would also be the option of blogging during Work on Writing.
– For Word Work…well, some learning activities just aren’t conducive for incorporating technology. There are many apps out there to reinforce these skills and build vocabulary. Much of the vocabulary work I would ask students to do would come come from their content studies. As a visual reminder and instructional tool, we would maintain a “Word of the Week” display, using the Frayer model to collectively develop a deeper meaning of the term when time allowed.
Beyond the Daily 5, I would also teach students how to conduct literature circles. Students would select texts tied to content in order to integrate disciplines and be more efficient with the limited school day. They would still have choice. Their conversations would also be recorded with Evernote, to be played back after the discussion in order to help them reflect and self-assess their thinking.
I would teach handwriting. That’s all there is to it. It benefits learners in numerous ways, no less important than I can read what they wrote when correcting their work.
Read alouds would be a mainstay in my classroom. I would start the year with a fun title, something the kids could immediately connect with, possibly the first book in a series. The possible titles would be on display on the first day, available for them to peruse and ask questions. We would vote on the first read aloud, with information supplied by me about each titles. A bonus: I can model how to preview a book during this exercise.
– Also of importance is selecting read alouds that represent many cultures, perspectives, and interests. The literature we want to share with our students needs to represent the classroom we learn with and the world we live in.
During independent reading time, I would use CC Pensieve, the digital conferring notebook created by the authors of the Daily 5 and CAFE. My reading conferences would take place during independent reading, possibly even pulling in a second student to have them watch me work with a peer, as a way to incorporate a public conference on a much smaller scale.
– If I didn’t have the building dollars for this excellent software, I would probably pay for it myself, or use Post-its with Evernote. Each color would be coded to one of the areas of CAFE (Comprehension, Accuracy, Fluency, Expand Vocabulary). These Post-its would hold questions, progress, and celebration points for each students. They would be scanned into their digital portfolios.
When I would prepare for future instruction, I could search my notes based on a specific strategy. This information, combined with more formal assessments, would help me form flexible groups using a “Messy Sheet” suggested by Clare Landrigan and Tammy Mulligan.
A poem of the day would be a crucial part of my classroom. I would read it aloud, read it aloud again, and then have the students do a shared reading with me. We would take the time to discuss their initial thinking and delve into the deeper meanings the poet wanted to convey. No technology required.
I really like what Eric Marcos has his math classes produce. Students create screencast tutorials about a lesson. It is shared with peers, both during class, and later when it is posted on their classroom website. His work is highlighted in Alan November’s book Who Owns the Learning? Preparing Students for Success in Digital Age. Tools I would consider using for these tutorials include Educreations, Explain Everything, Doodlecast Pro, and iMovie.
There would still be demonstrations and modeling by me, but they would be fairly short and to the point, a mini-lesson. Sometimes I would use a Post-it Note Big Pad to write and doodle what I was demonstrating. These are like anchor charts, but only one foot by one foot. This limited space would force me to keep my instruction brief. I could also record myself teaching, and add both the audio and my visual notes to a classroom blog powered by Postach.io. This blogging tool connects with your Evernote account, published a note within EN.
Content (Science, Social Studies, Health)
This one is pretty easy – Project-Based Learning. The content areas lend themselves so well to this engaging way to teach. Formally designing curriculum, instruction and assessment around a topic of high interest for students is how I would deliver content instruction every day. The possibilities for literacy and 21st century skill integration is almost limitless. Students find this style of instruction to be most engaging. Maybe most important, this is another opportunity to teach students how to ask a driving question.
Similar to mathematics, students would be encouraged to develop formal presentations about their learning using digital tools. They would be shared as a culminating activity, once the unit is done.
Ending the Day
During closing circle, we would bring up our Twitter feed and see if anyone responded to our posts from the morning. If another classroom or author did connect with us, we would read it together and discuss how best to respond back. At this time, we might also share out the learning for the day via a classroom blog maintained by assigned students using Evernote and Postach.io. Taking these points to reflect on our learning may seem like a waste of time, because it does not seem like we are “doing” anything. But it might be the most important part of our day as a community of learners. Taking time to think about our thinking is essential for solidifying what we know and understand.
Ending the Week
We would curate all of our tweets and posts using Storify. Students would be encouraged to add comments between each post. Once published, we would email out our learning captured on Storify to parents. In addition, the collection would be reposted on our classroom blog for later perusal. This blog would be embedded within my classroom’s webpage, which would serve as a hub for all of our connections.
Once a Quarter
Having collected all of my parents’ email addresses in my contacts within Google, I would send out a quarterly survey. The purpose would be to assess how well our classroom has connected with families, immediate and extended. The students and I would analyze the results and make adjustments in our communications as necessary. Google Forms seems like the best tool for the job.
Each student’s digital portfolio within Evernote would be emailed out to their parents. It would be a reminder to check how their child is doing in school, instead of waiting until Portfolio Night in the spring to find out.
I have been asked multiple times how I would teach in today’s connected world. That’s a hard question, because what would work for me may not work for another teacher. With this list, I would take the approach of trying what you see working for you and forgetting about the rest for now. More importantly, it is critical that we always ask ourselves “How will this tool or practice help my students learn and become better people?” Creating a connected classroom is about more than just technology.
To summarize this last point, check out this suggested “More of” and “Less of” T-chart. Have a great year of learning!
Tonight was my school’s open house, which we call Meet and Greet. It is very informal. The primary purposes are for the students and families to meet their assigned teachers, to unload all of the necessary classroom supplies, and to get registrations out of the way.
Meet and Greet night is also an excellent opportunity to make connections between home, school, and community. One way we did this was by hosting a reading graffiti board. Staff, parents, and students could post their favorite books they read this summer on red butcher paper. We placed recognizable texts with the display, as a visible way to reinforce the purpose of the board, as well as to highlight the importance of the mission in our elementary school.
In addition to our reading graffiti board, we also created a social media contest. Thanks to a suggestion by Missy Emler, a bulletin board was created asking for visitors to suggest an official hashtag for our school.
People passing by were encouraged to add their suggestions to the board. Our current social media outlets, including Twitter, Facebook, and Blogger, were highlighted on the board with the hope that more families will digitally connect with us.
Once we collect enough ideas, we plan on creating a Google Form to share with the school community and vote on the hashtag of choice. Right now, #howe2learn seems like the frontrunner!
I just finished reading Data Wise: A Step-by-Step Guide to Using Assessment Results to Improve Teaching and Learning (Harvard Education Press, 2013). It is an excellent resource for school leaders and leadership teams looking for specific strategies for better collaboration.
One quote that really stuck with me is on one of the last pages:
You can expect that no matter how experienced you become with this work, you will always have a growing edge. At this edge, you will be faced with what we call “burning questions” – having reached the limits of your own knowledge and skill, you will need to engage in inquiry in order to move forward. Why not let the same process that is guiding your efforts to improve student learning guide your own introspection about the work of improvement? (218)
The emphasis is mine (hence the title of this post). I like the concept of a “growing edge”. It reminds me of other terms related to being a lifelong learner, such as having a “growth mindset”, “preparing for possibilities”, and taking an “inquiry stance”. We should constantly be creeping forward in our capacities as educators.
But there is also a distinction. If you read the passage, having a growing edge means that our currently used resources, such as personal learning networks and professional texts, may allow us to grow only so much. What it means to me is we have to tap into maybe our greatest source of knowledge as practitioners: Our students.
So instead of just moving forward, a growing edge might also suggest a more recursive learning pathway – one where we come back to where we started and consider both our achievements and our growth. The authors advocate for engaging in classroom/action research. It will not only help us determine the impact of our instruction on student learning, but also lead us to reflect on our own practice and help us improve as a result. Like the lit lamppost at night that also offers a shadow during the day, we have to work smarter and explore the multiple ways our daily work can benefit everyone in the learning community, student and teacher.
As a school leader, I know complex concepts such as “teaching” and “best practice” can be nebulous and hard to convey. That is why I sometimes use metaphors and analogies when attempting to start a discussion with my staff about what we do as educators.
One I recently considered is how teaching is like a puzzle. There are so many pieces that go into great instruction. Classroom management, student relationships, lesson planning, assessment, standards and curriculum…how do these all fit together? The genius of a great teacher is they can see all of these pieces, but they can also see the big picture, which allows them to place all of the puzzle pieces together to create a learning environment where every student succeeds.
But maybe that is where the analogy ends.
Because unlike a jigsaw puzzle, too often we do not have access to what the end product should look like, through powerful professional development such as peer observations.
Sometimes pieces, especially the new ones, simply don’t fit. We then have to ask ourselves: Why isn’t this practice fitting? Is it because the other pieces won’t allow for it? Should we jettison those pieces (practices) that don’t align with our new addition? Or do we question the new piece itself?
One more difference is that our potential as educators is not limited to borders. Our skills can always expand. Surprisingly, this can be a challenge, when we are never sure about the limits to our learning. If we learn and expand our thinking so much that we call into question the very foundation of our practice, what do we do then? Start from scratch?
I think we are best served by taking our professional learning lives one piece at a time. Take that new piece in your hand, turn it to the right and to the left, and check out both sides. Ask others who have been there, or are right there with you, what they think. Call on the collective wisdom of your personal learning network for their expertise (and remember to be there for them when they need you). Most of all, never stop puzzling over your practice.
As a bonus, two educators – Jimmy Sapia and Kimberley Moran – posted their innovative thinking about digital student portfolios on their blogs.
What I feel best about these connected learning experiences is, through the collaboration of many, others are taking the next steps toward becoming better. As Kimberley’s blog post title states, we need to “take one digital step at a time”. We are not trying to be perfect, but to continue our journey toward what’s possible. Check out Kimberley’s and Jimmy’s posts for great examples of how we might prepare for your own learning journey.
Capturing and advancing student learning through more visible methods of assessment is about helping students better understand their own abilities, reflect on their progressions toward personal goals, and take time to celebrate their successes during the school year. Just as important, to better understand our students as individuals with so much potential can only come from regular use of a wide variety of assessment practices. A digital portfolio is only one of those practices, but it is becoming more essential every day in our ever connected world.
Thank you to Curt Rees, Jessica Johnson, Cathy Mere, Gail Boushey, Joan Moser, Clare Landrigan, and Tammy Mulligan for offering their digital spaces and expertise this week. They each posted responses to my new eBook. I am very grateful for their time.
Here are the links to the exceptional posts they wrote: